Historia Reciente y Memoria

A Section of the Latin American Studies Association

Section Annual Reports

2019- 2020

Sección Historia Reciente y Memoria
Informe 2019-2020
Guadalajara (virtual)

Como tod@s sabemos, el Congreso de LASA Guadalajara 2020 se vio fuertemente afectado por la pandemia mundial del Covid 19. La Sección de Historia Reciente y Memoria decidió mantener su participación en el Congreso, pero por motivos por tod@s conocidos, muchas de las personas que asistirían al Congreso no pudieron hacerlo.

Por estos motivos, los dos paneles originales propuestas y la mesa extra no se llevaron a cabo de la manera deseada. Los paneles originales eran:

Panel Los archivos frente a la Historia Reciente y la Memoria

Presenter(s):

Chair: Alicia De Los Ríos, UACH Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua

Discussant: Claudia Bacci, Universidad de Buenos Aires

Session Organizer: Katherine Hite, Vassar College

¿Qué archivos para qué historias? El presente y sus violencias en la historia reciente Eugenia Allier Montaño, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; “Más allá del archivo: usos y apropiaciones contemporánea de artefactos de registro de pasadas violaciones a los derechos humanos” Oriana Bernasconi, Universidad Alberto Hurtado; Daniela Accatino, Universidad Austral de Chile; “Revisitando os arquivos dos organismos de direitos humanos na Argentina: uma metodologia de trabalho a partir do acervo da Asociación de Ex Detenidos Desaparecidos” Marcos Tolentino, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp); “Facing the Archives,Retrieving History and Memory: A Memorial to My Mother Katherine Hite, Vassar College

Panel Género, memorias e historias Track Title: Section Sessions

Participants: “Voces de Antígona”: testimonios de madres de víctimas de violencia de Estado en contexto democrático en Rio de Janeiro” Author: Maria Paula Nascimento Araujo; “Ficción televisa y construcción de memoria del pasado reciente en Chile: abordajes desde la generación y el género” Author: Lorena Antezana Barrios; La subjetivación política de las víctimas. Una experiencia desde los feminicidos Author: Alicia De Los Ríos;

Mesa "Memory in Action, Across the Political, Social, and Human Rights Spectrum"

Presenter(s):

Chair: Katherine Hite, Vassar College

Session Organizer: Katherine Hite, Vassar College

Discussant: Daniela Jara, Universidad de Valparaíso, Centro de estudios de teoria social y subjetividad Memoria, política y activismo barrial: la experiencia actual del sitio de memoria ex CCDTyE “Olimpo Mora González Canosa, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET); Mauricio Chama, Universidad Nacional de La Plata; Testimonios, violencia y género: del juicio a las Juntas Militares a el juicio por la verdad de La Plata. Claudia Bacci, Universidad de Buenos Aires; Un-Sealing” Infamous Pacts: The Impact of the Gavazzo and Troccoli cases in post-transitional Uruguay Gabriela Fried Amilivia, California State University/Los Angeles; El rol de la memoria en el discurso de extrema derecha en Chile: más allá del negacionismo Manuela Badilla Rajevic, Universidad de Valparaíso

Finalmente se armó, de los tres sólo un panel:

Session Title: Memorias y sus diversas formas de transmisión: la historia reciente más allá de las Américas Track Title: Section Sessions

Participants: Chair: Eugenia Allier Montaño;

Session Organizer: Katherine Hite

Discussant: Cecilia Macon

"Voces de Antígona”: testimonios de madres de víctimas de violencia de Estado en contexto democrático en Rio de Janeiro Author: Maria Paula Nascimento Araujo; Ficción televisa y construcción de memoria del pasado reciente en Chile: abordajes desde la generación y el género Author: Lorena Antezana Barrios; ¿Qué archivos para qué historias? El presente y sus violencias en la historia reciente Author: Eugenia Allier Montaño; Memoria, política y activismo barrial: la experiencia actual del sitio de memoria ex CCDTyE “Olimpo" Author: Mora González Canosa; gonzalezcanosa@yahoo.com.ar Author: Mauricio Chama; "Un-Sealing” Infamous Pacts: The Impact of the Gavazzo and Troccoli cases in post-transitional Uruguay Author: Gabriela Fried Amilivia.

Esa misma semana pudimos tener la reunión de la sección, en donde se dio un informe general sobre la sección y se acordó que Katherine Hite y Eugenia Allier Montaño seguirían conservando el rol de Co-chairs de la sección para poder dar un impulso a la misma en medio de la situación de la pandemia.

También se informó que desde este año, la página de Facebook de la sección está siendo alimentada con información de miembros de la sección. Aún queda por hacer trabajo para dar a conocer más a la sección y para generar labores de red entre los distintos miembros de la misma a lo largo del año.

Los asistentes a la reunión también plantearon las incertidumbres sobre lo que ocurrirá el próximo año con el Congreso en Vancouver.

Nuestra Sección también otorgó un premio al mejor libro de Historia Reciente y Memoria. El jurado estuvo compuesto por Graciela de Garay (México), Emilio Crenzel (Argentina) y Kirsten Weld (Estados Unidos). Les agradecemos mucho a los tres por su trabajo:

“Mejor libro en Historia Reciente y Memoria”, es “Latin America’s Radical Left. Rebellion and Cold War in the Global 1960s” de Aldo Marchesi.

Y menciones especiales a los libros “Bread, Justice, and Liberty: Grassroots Activism and Human Rights in Pinochet's Chile” de Alison Bruey y “Conflicted Memory Military Cultural Interventions and the Human Rights Era in Peru” de Cynthia Milton.

Recent History and Memory Section
LASA 2019-2020 report
Guadalajara (virtual)

As we all know, the LASA Guadalajara 2020 Congress was strongly affected by the worldwide Covid 19 pandemic. The Recent History and Memory Section decided to maintain its participation in the Congress, but for reasons known to all, many of the people who would attend the Congress were unable to do so.

For those reasons, the two original proposed panels and the extra table were not carried out in the desired way. The original panels were:

Panel: Revisiting the Archives in Recent History and Memory

Presenter (s):

Chair: Alicia De Los Ríos, UACH Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua.

Discussant: Claudia Bacci, Universidad de Buenos Aires.

Session Organizer: Katherine Hite, Vassar College.

What files for which stories? The present and its violence in recent history Eugenia Allier Montaño, National Autonomous University of Mexico; "Beyond the archive: contemporary uses and appropriations of artifacts to record past human rights violations" Oriana Bernasconi, Universidad Alberto Hurtado; Daniela Accatino, Universidad Austral de Chile; "Revisiting the archives of two human rights organizations in Argentina: a work methodology based on the heritage of the Association of Ex-Detained Disappeared" Marcos Tolentino, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp); "Facing the Archives, Retrieving History and Memory: A Memorial to My Mother Katherine Hite, Vassar College

Panel: Gender, Memories and Histories

Section Sessions

Participants: "Voices of Antigone": testimonies of mothers of victims of state violence in a democratic context in Rio de Janeiro "Author: Maria Paula Nascimento Araujo; "Television fiction and memory construction of the recent past in Chile: approaches from generation and gender" Author: Lorena Antezana Barrios;  The political subjectivation of the victims. An experience from the feminicides Author: Alicia De Los Ríos.

Round Table: "Memory in Action Across the Political, Social, and Human Rights Spectrum"

Presenter (s):

Chair: Katherine Hite, Vassar College

Session Organizer: Katherine Hite, Vassar College

Discussant: Daniela Jara, Universidad de Valparaíso, center for the study of social theory and subjectivity Memory, politics and neighborhood activism: the current experience of the ex CCDTyE memory site “Olimpo Mora González Canosa, National Council for Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET); Mauricio Chama, Universidad Nacional de La Plata; Testimonies, violence and gender: from the trial of the Military Juntas to the trial for the truth of La Plata. Claudia Bacci, Universidad de Buenos Aires; Un-Sealing Infamous Pacts: The Impact of the Gavazzo and Troccoli cases in post-transitional Uruguay Gabriela Fried Amilivia, California State University / Los Angeles; The role of memory in the discourse of the extreme right in Chile: beyond denial Manuela Badilla Rajevic, Universidad de Valparaíso

Ultimately, our Section (re)organized only one panel:

Session Title: Memories and their various forms of transmission: recent history beyond the Americas Track Title: Section Sessions

Participants:

Chair: Eugenia Allier Montaño

Session Organizer: Katherine Hite

Discussant: Cecilia Macon

"Voces de Antígona”: testimonies of mothers of victims of state violence in a democratic context in Rio de Janeiro Author: Maria Paula Nascimento Araujo; Television fiction and memory construction of the recent past in Chile: approaches from generation and gender Author: Lorena Antezana Barrios;  What archives for which stories? The present and its violence in recent history Author: Eugenia Allier Montaño;  Memory, politics and neighborhood activism: the current experience of the former memory site CCDTyE "Olimpo" Author: Mora González Canosa; Author: Mauricio Chama; “Un-Sealing” Infamous Pacts: The Impact of the Gavazzo and Troccoli cases in post-transitional Uruguay Author: Gabriela Fried Amilivia

That same week we were able to have the section meeting, where we gave a general report on the Section. Meeting attendees also agreed that Katherine Hite and Eugenia Allier Montaño would continue to retain the role of Co-chairs of the section in order to try to re-invigorate it in the midst of the pandemic situation.

It was also reported that over the past year, Section members have been supplying information to the Section’s Facebook page. There is still work to be done to raise awareness of the section and to generate networking among the different members of the section throughout the year. Attendees of the meeting also raised uncertainties about what will happen next year with the Congress in Vancouver.

Our Section also awarded the best book in Recent History and Memory. The jury was made up of Graciela de Garay (Mexico), Emilio Crenzel (Argentina) and Kirsten Weld (United States). We thank all three of them for their work:

"Best Book in Recent History and Memory" is "Latin America's Radical Left. Rebellion and Cold War in the Global 1960s” by Aldo Marchesi.

And special mentions to the books "Bread, Justice, and Liberty: Grassroots Activism and Human Rights in Pinochet's Chile" by Alison Bruey and "Conflicted Memory Military Cultural Interventions and the Human Rights Era in Peru" by Cynthia Milton.

2018- 2019

By: Katherine Hite and Eugenia Allier

This past LASA Congress 2019 in Boston proved fruitful for our Section, Historia Reciente y Memoria, as we had the opportunity to engage together in different settings – from our two panels, to our section meeting, to our alternative memory site walking tour of Boston. Throughout, many of us both connected with one another’s scholarly work, and we had a chance to think about how we might improve and expand the Section.

1. Our Section sponsored two panels:

Panel One: “Historias y memorias recientes silenciadas.” Session Organizer: Eugenia Allier of the UNAM, Mexico (who had a family emergency and ultimately was unable to join us), Claudia Bacci and Alejandra Oberti of the UBA, Argentina (“Una interpretación afectiva del pasado: testimonios y archivos en construcción”), Ana Laura Di Giorgi of the Universidad de la República, Uruguay (“Otras sujetas de la historia. Historia y memoria feminista en el Uruguay posdictadura”); Cecilia Macón of the UBA, Argentina (“Historia como activismo en #quesealey: la lucha por el aborto en la Argentina y la cuarta ola del feminismo”); and Celia del Palacio of the Universidad Veracruzana, Mexico (“Memorias de a violencia hacia los periodistas en Veracruz, Mexico”). Katherine Hite of Vassar College, USA, served as discussant. The panel enjoyed a full audience.

Panel Two: “Política y políticas de la memoria en relación al presente.” Session Organizer: Katherine Hite of Vassar College; Manuela Badilla of the New School for Social Research, USA (“Longing for the Barricade: Urban Ecosystems of Nostalgia and Resistance in Post-dictatorship Chile”); Katherine Hite, co-authored with Daniela Jara of the Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile (“Ghosts, Exhumations, and Unwieldy Pasts”); Samantha Viz Quadrat of the Universidade Federal Fluminense (“El invisible de la represión en la democracia”); and Alicia de los Ríos of the Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Mexico (“Amnistía en el México del siglo XXI: posibilidad de perdón y olvido?”). Mariana Achugar, for an emergency, could not attend LASA, though we had a productive comment and discussion sesión with the audience.

2. Our Section also awarded a prize to the best article of Historia Reciente y Memoria.

The jury was composed of Claudio Barrientos of the Universidad Diego Portales, Chile, and Cecilia Macón of the Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina. We thank them both very much for their work.

Best article: Daniela Jara, Manuela Badilla, Ana Figueiredo, Marcela Cornejo, and Victoria Riveros, "Tracing Mapuche Exclusion from Post-Dictatorial Truth Commissions in Chile: Official and Grassroots Initiatives," International Journal of Transitional Justice, 2018, 12, 479-498.

Honorable mention: Mariela Peller, "Las paradojas de la revolución. Figuraciones del cuerpo en la prensa del PRT-ERP en la Argentina de los años setenta" Dossier. Izquierdas, 41, agosto 2018:77-99.

3. In addition, Our Section sponsored a recorrido por los sitios de memoria, an alternative memory site walking tour through several iconic sites of historic Boston.

Our guide was Jim Vrabel, a former Boston Globe reporter and the author of several books on the city of Boston, including A People’s History of the New Boston (University of Massachusetts Press, 2014). In contrast to conventional tours of Boston, Vrabel used several sites to offer us a rich history from the grassroots regarding the under-told contributions of working people, and of the conflicts and contradictions that underlie the more celebratory official narrative of the city. We had twenty-five Section members, family and friends who participated, and we had the good fortune of a warm and sunny Boston morning.

This marks the third time our Section has sponsored an alternative memory site tour. Our first one was for LASA’s 50th anniversary in New York City, in which Professor Marita Sturken of New York University led us through a critical exploration of the 9/11 Museum at Ground Zero. Our second recorrido was organized by Section members Cath Collins of Ulster University, Iris Jave of the Pontificia Universidad Católica of Peru, and Makena Ulfe, also of La Católica.

We see the recorridos as an institutional component that enhances our academic work and that brings us together in a convivial way. The Section plans to offer an alternative memory site tour in Guadalajara, Mexico.

4. Finally, the Historia Reciente y Memoria Section had a small but quite productive Section Meeting.

In attendance: Claudia Bacci, Felix Burgos of Indiana University East, Alejandra Oberti (an Executive Counsel Section member), Ana Laura de Giorgi, Samantha Quadrat, and Katherine Hite. Here are notes from the meeting:

Hite reported that the Section currently has 92 dues paying members representing 19 countries. The Section also has a Facebook page with 367 members, open to posts. She expressed the Section’s ongoing concern regarding the need to build and diversify the membership to include active members from across the Americas, that the richness of our Section is when we can bring members together through panels and other work that is organized more thematically and that crosses many national borders. We recognized that the papers of this year’s panels were rich national studies, and the uniqueness of the Section is to put the work in conversation with multiple national explorations.

Toward this, and in thinking with the theme of the Guadalajara 2020n congress’s “Améfrica Ladina,” as well as the range of rightist political realities across the region, participants in the meeting suggested that the Section organize panels for next year along these thematic lines:

• Género y memoria

• Raza, etnicidad y memoria

• Re-visiting the archive

• Counter-memories – negacionismo, authoritarian manipulations of the past.

Additionally, members suggested that the Section seek brief bios of all Section members – 150 words on what members work on, as well as a photo in order to associate names with faces. The Section could then create a Google Share, with access for all Section members.

Participants in the meeting, as well as members who could not be present but sent in suggestions, encouraged better, more systematic postings on social media, and to amplify our use of different technologies to build membership and enliven the Section.

The Section also has to do a better job of publicizing and recognizing our book and article prize winners.

And finally, participants noted (as did those who attended the LASA Section Chairs on the Congress’s first day) that it was extremely costly to participate in LASA Congresses, and that in Latin America, there are university venues that would be far less expensive to hold the gatherings. It was noted that for the foreseeable future, LASA Congresses would not be held in the United States, until the political climate for visas and the hostility toward immigrants coming from the U.S. Executive changes.